Advanced Cell Technology documents an IND with the FDA for research using embryonic stem cells to treat SMD Advanced Cell Technology, Inc. Among the most common factors behind untreatable blindness in the global globe are degenerative diseases of the retina click here . As much as 10 million people in the United States have photoreceptor degenerative disease. The procedure for eyes disease uses stem cells to re-create a type of cell in the retina that facilitates the photoreceptors necessary for vision. These cells, called retinal pigment epithelium , are the 1st to die off in SMD and AMD often, which leads to lack of vision.